基于GAN的手写数字生成实践

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       之前就对GAN这项技术很感兴趣,可是后面一直没有找到时间研究一下,今天找来了一个很不错的例子学习实践了一下,简单来记录一下自己的实践,具体的代码如下:

#!usr/bin/env python
#encoding:utf-8
from __future__ import division


'''
__Author__:沂水寒城
功能: 基于GAN的手写数字生成实践
'''


import os
import numpy as np
import tensorflow as tf
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.gridspec as gridspec
from tensorflow.examples.tutorials.mnist import input_data


#设置基本的参数信息
mb_size = 32
X_dim = 784
z_dim = 64
h_dim = 128
lr = 1e-3
m = 5
lam = 1e-3
gamma = 0.5
k_curr = 0
if not os.path.exists('result/'):
    os.makedirs('result/')
mnist = input_data.read_data_sets('../../MNIST_data', one_hot=True)


def numberPloter(samples):
    '''
    数字图像绘制
    '''
    figure = plt.figure(figsize=(8, 8))
    gs = gridspec.GridSpec(4, 4)
    gs.update(wspace=0.05, hspace=0.05)
    for i, sample in enumerate(samples):
        ax = plt.subplot(gs[i])
        plt.axis('off')
        ax.set_xticklabels([])
        ax.set_yticklabels([])
        ax.set_aspect('equal')
        plt.imshow(sample.reshape(28, 28), cmap='Greys_r')
    return figure


def xavier_init(size):
    '''
    初始化
    '''
    in_dim = size[0]
    xavier_stddev = 1. / tf.sqrt(in_dim / 2.)
    return tf.random_normal(shape=size, stddev=xavier_stddev)


X = tf.placeholder(tf.float32, shape=[None, X_dim])
z = tf.placeholder(tf.float32, shape=[None, z_dim])
k = tf.placeholder(tf.float32)
D_W1 = tf.Variable(xavier_init([X_dim, h_dim]))
D_b1 = tf.Variable(tf.zeros(shape=[h_dim]))
D_W2 = tf.Variable(xavier_init([h_dim, X_dim]))
D_b2 = tf.Variable(tf.zeros(shape=[X_dim]))
G_W1 = tf.Variable(xavier_init([z_dim, h_dim]))
G_b1 = tf.Variable(tf.zeros(shape=[h_dim]))
G_W2 = tf.Variable(xavier_init([h_dim, X_dim]))
G_b2 = tf.Variable(tf.zeros(shape=[X_dim]))
theta_G = [G_W1, G_W2, G_b1, G_b2]
theta_D = [D_W1, D_W2, D_b1, D_b2]



def sample_z(m, n):
    '''
    随机数
    '''
    return np.random.uniform(-1., 1., size=[m, n])


def G(z):
    '''
    定义两个网络
    '''
    G_h1 = tf.nn.relu(tf.matmul(z, G_W1) + G_b1)
    G_log_prob = tf.matmul(G_h1, G_W2) + G_b2
    G_prob = tf.nn.sigmoid(G_log_prob)
    return G_prob


def D(X):
    '''
    定义两个网络
    '''
    D_h1 = tf.nn.relu(tf.matmul(X, D_W1) + D_b1)
    X_recon = tf.matmul(D_h1, D_W2) + D_b2
    return tf.reduce_mean(tf.reduce_sum((X - X_recon)**2, 1))


# 计算损失
G_sample = G(z)
D_real = D(X)
D_fake = D(G_sample)
D_loss = D_real - k*D_fake
G_loss = D_fake
D_solver=(tf.train.AdamOptimizer(learning_rate=lr).minimize(D_loss, var_list=theta_D))
G_solver=(tf.train.AdamOptimizer(learning_rate=lr).minimize(G_loss, var_list=theta_G))
sess = tf.Session()
sess.run(tf.global_variables_initializer())


# 迭代计算一百万次,每1000次绘制一张图片
num = 0
for it in range(1000000):
    X_mb, _ = mnist.train.next_batch(mb_size)
    _, D_real_curr = sess.run([D_solver, D_real],feed_dict={X: X_mb, z: sample_z(mb_size, z_dim), k: k_curr})
    _, D_fake_curr = sess.run([G_solver, D_fake],feed_dict={X: X_mb, z: sample_z(mb_size, z_dim)})
    k_curr = k_curr + lam * (gamma*D_real_curr - D_fake_curr)
    if it % 1000 == 0:
        measure = D_real_curr + np.abs(gamma*D_real_curr - D_fake_curr)
        print('Iter-{}; Convergence measure: {:.4}'.format(it, measure))
        samples = sess.run(G_sample, feed_dict={z: sample_z(16, z_dim)})
        fig = plot(samples)
        plt.savefig('result/{}.png'.format(str(num).zfill(3)), bbox_inches='tight')
        num += 1
        plt.close(fig)

      这是一个很简单实用的例子,基于GAN来生成手写数字,关于各部分的代码作用,我在具体的代码里面已经加入了相应的注释,下面我们来简单看一下输出的结果:

。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。

     上面是展示了1000张图片的前100张,和后面将近100张左右的结果缩略图,这里给出来第一张和最后一张:

第一张:

    最后一张:

       之后找时间继续学习,欢迎交流!

 

 

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